The hottest technological transformation Dongguan

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Dongguan sample of technological transformation: talents are more scarce after the replacement of machines

[under the market pressure of being eliminated without upgrading, most local business owners in Dongguan have embarked on the road of technological transformation, from the passive technological transformation of the government in the past to actively adapt to market competition, and even enterprises with uncertain future orders are carefully trying to invest transformation funds in some production links]

now almost all of them are grabbing workers, Doubling the wages of temporary workers may not be able to recruit people. In this case, we rely on technological transformation to improve the automation level and reduce the employment. From last year to this year, we invested about 20million yuan in high-precision equipment. Recently, Chen Yi, general manager of Guangdong Jiesi Communication Co., Ltd., which mainly produces parts in Dongguan, told China business

although this amount is not low, whether he is willing or not, technological transformation has become the general trend. Under the pressure of the shortage of industrial workers, rising labor costs, and technological upgrading, enterprises are investing heavily, increasing investment in technological transformation, and promoting transformation and upgrading

recently, first finance visited Dongguan, an important manufacturing town, which is getting rid of its dependence on low-end manufacturing and in urgent need of technological transformation. Under the market pressure of being eliminated without upgrading, most local business owners have embarked on the road of technological transformation, from the passive technological transformation of the government in the past to the initiative to adapt to market competition. Even enterprises with uncertain future orders have carefully tried to invest transformation funds in some production links. At the same time, the talent challenge brought by technological transformation is also a problem they need to face

the coexistence of industry 1.0 and 3.0 requires technological transformation

technological transformation, as the name suggests, refers to the adoption of new technologies, new processes, new equipment and new materials by enterprises to transform, update and improve existing facilities, process conditions and production services in order to achieve technological progress and promote product upgrading, so as to achieve connotative development. Obviously, if enterprises want to improve quality, efficiency, upgrading and sustained and stable growth, technological transformation is of great significance

in recent years, the state has issued corresponding technological transformation policies to improve industrial competitiveness. Local governments are also responding. According to the data of Dongguan Municipal Bureau of economy and information technology, from January to July 2017, the investment in industrial technological transformation in Dongguan was 18.07 billion yuan, a year-on-year increase of 43.4%, an increase of 36.2 percentage points over the same period last year. From January to July this year, the investment in technological transformation in Wuhan reached 63.736 billion yuan, an increase of 1.2 times. During the same period, the total social investment in technological transformation in Sichuan Province reached 398.4 billion yuan, an increase of 17.8%, and the investment in technological transformation achieved double-digit growth. Anhui Province also completed 395.58 billion yuan of investment in technological transformation, an increase of 14.2%, an increase of 4.6 percentage points over the same period last year

according to the data recently released by the National Bureau of statistics, from January to July this year, the investment in technological transformation in the manufacturing industry was 4757.6 billion yuan, an increase of 10.3%, and the growth rate was 5.5 percentage points higher than that of all manufacturing investment. The rapid growth of investment in upgrading to high-efficiency jobs also means that the optimization of the investment structure of the manufacturing industry is continuously advancing

Zheng Yujie, director of the Information Department of the Comprehensive Development Research Institute (Shenzhen, China), analyzed China business first that the overall economy of the country was good in the first half of this year, and it was normal for investment in technological transformation to grow rapidly

according to the data of the National Bureau of statistics, the GDP in the first half of this year was 38149billion yuan, an increase of 6.9% year-on-year. In July, Xing Zhihong, spokesman of the National Bureau of statistics and director of the Department of comprehensive statistics of the national economy, summarized the characteristics of the economic operation in the first half of the year in two sentences: first, the stable pattern was more consolidated, and second, the good situation was more obvious

Zheng Yujie said that in recent years, technological transformation has attracted much attention, because China's manufacturing industry is large but not strong, and some traditional industries are not only lack of technology, but also poor in equipment level. It is necessary to promote transformation and upgrading through technological transformation

not long ago, when Zheng Yujie went to a province in the southeast to investigate the clothing industry, he found that the overall technical level and equipment automation level of the local industry were low, and some adhesive links were still manual. He said: China's industrial level is multifaceted. You can see that it is very backward, but also very advanced. Industry 1.0, 2.0 and 3.0 exist at the same time, unlike the overall level of German manufacturing enterprises, which is relatively consistent

Lin Jiang, director of the Department of Finance and taxation of Lingnan College of Sun Yat sen University, told first finance and economics that technological transformation is a unique term in China, involving two levels. One is to improve the existing technology. If you used to export and now want to turn to domestic demand, it is not possible to turn the production line directly, and you must carry out technological transformation. For example: the applicable voltage of products sold to the United States is 110V, and the applicable voltage sold to China is 220V, so the production line cannot be directly converted

another aspect is the investment in new technologies. Lin Jiang explained: for example, in the past, the production line used to produce electronic components, but now the enterprise plans to use the technology of electronic components to make finished products or semi-finished products. Compared with the past, it is upgrading, and this upgrading process requires technological transformation

technological transformation not only includes the introduction of new equipment and processes, but also is closely related to research and development. Many enterprises are easy to confuse the two. Lin Jiang said: technological transformation includes R & D elements. Research and development must be combined with technology to become technological transformation. It cannot be simply said that research and development belongs to technological transformation. In addition, technological transformation also involves other factors, such as building factories. It cannot simply be said that building a factory building is not a technical transformation. For example, it used to be general equipment, but now it needs to be transformed into special equipment. The past factory building is not suitable, and it needs to be transformed into a new factory building, so the building of a factory building supporting the technical transformation can also be regarded as the technical transformation investment. This is a broad concept

At present, Dongguan has more than 120000 industrial enterprises, a complete manufacturing system involving more than 30 industries and more than 60000 products, five pillar industries such as electronic information and four characteristic industries such as furniture

Dongguan has concentrated medium and low-end industries, and has been vigorously promoting technological transformation in recent years. Take Houjie Town, one of the economically strong towns, for example. In the first quarter of this year, the industrial investment of the whole town increased by 29.6%, of which the investment in industrial technological transformation increased by 125.7%, and the industrial production continued to rebound. The industrial added value above the designated size was 3.497 billion yuan, an increase of 7.5% year-on-year

a person from Houjie town government told China first finance and economics that the growth rate of technological transformation investment doubled in the first quarter of this year. Although it was driven by some large projects, all towns in Dongguan, including Houjie, have continued to carry out technological transformation in recent years, and both the government and enterprises have strong enthusiasm

Dongguan, once the world's factory, felt the urgency of technological transformation earlier and began the road of technological transformation as early as more than ten years ago

around 2000, Dongguan put forward the idea of "one city, three innovations and five competitions". Among them, one city refers to a famous modern manufacturing city, and "three innovations" refers to innovative development mode, innovative development system and innovative development ability. But in 2005, the industrial policy really began to be implemented. Zha Risheng, a professor at the Party School of the Dongguan municipal Party committee, recalled in an interview with China Business News: in 2005, Dongguan began to pay more attention to scientific and technological innovation and technological transformation. At that time, he proposed five Dongguan, one of which was scientific and technological Dongguan

at that time, the historic word "shortage of migrant workers" began to appear, and there was a labor shortage across the country, especially in the Pearl River Delta. The discussion on the inflection point of human resources and demographic dividend gradually heated up. Dongguan is also facing a shortage of land, and it is no longer easy for labor-intensive enterprises to obtain land. Under the dual pressure, local enterprises urgently need to improve labor productivity and find ways to improve technology

Zha Risheng said that the investment in technological transformation in Dongguan has maintained an increasing trend in recent years. Because of the rising human costs, enterprises cannot recruit people, so they need to strengthen intelligence, informatization and automation, which involve technological transformation

the effect is immediate. Liu Jinzhi, vice chairman of Dongguan Yichun Group Co., Ltd., a clothing brand, told first finance and economics that after the company invested more than 10 million yuan in the intelligent and automated transformation of the general warehouse, the warehouse that used to require dozens of people to move up and down now only needs to complement each other instead of replacing each other. Through computer operation, important people can improve work efficiency, make workers work easier and retain workers

in a workshop of enterprise model furniture in Houjie Town, factory director Zhou Wenwen pointed to the new equipment in the noisy sound of machines and introduced to China business: these equipment are cheap, which cost more than 700000 yuan, such as edge dryer; It costs millions of yuan, for example, the imported CNC drilling machine. These were bought this year. Although it cost almost 20million yuan, our order volume was stable, and the production never stopped. It was worth the money. Because just in terms of saving manpower, one machine can replace at least three workers. Model furniture has continued to invest heavily in recent years, buying new equipment and carrying out technological transformation

government support is increasing

behind the vigorous technological transformation in Dongguan, the local government's support is increasing step by step. At the beginning of this year, the Dongguan municipal government formally proposed the doubling plan in the No. 1 document of the municipal government in 2017. The specific contents include arranging 300million yuan of funds to specifically support the doubling development of enterprises; Make an overall plan for 20% of the annual land use plan index of the city every year, which is specially used to meet the development needs of pilot enterprises; It is rare in manufacturing cities across the country to encourage pilot enterprises to take industrial reform measures to improve land utilization and other 20 policies

A highlight of the doubling plan is that in addition to formulating personalized support policies according to the different characteristics and needs of each enterprise, a number of inclusive policies applicable to all pilot enterprises are also put forward, but the support is doubled on the basis of the previous industrial support policies

after the release of the above plan, Liang Weidong, deputy secretary of the Dongguan municipal Party committee and mayor, also publicly said: Dongguan should have the courage to fight a bloody path, implement the No. 1 document, and realize the doubling of the quality and efficiency of industrial development

many enterprises have received the real money from the government. Li Zhen, general manager of Kai finally reinstalled the jacket and other model furniture, told China business: these technological transformation projects we have done this year involve machine replacement, and we can apply for subsidies from the government. If our software and hardware are purchased from local enterprises in Dongguan, we can subsidize 15%; If you buy from foreign enterprises, the subsidy is a little less, but there is also 10%

machine replacement is one of the main ways of local technological transformation. As early as 2014, Dongguan can be divided into manual impact specimen notch broaching machine, electric impact specimen notch broaching machine and hydraulic impact experiment notch broaching machine. In 2014, Dongguan took the lead in launching the action plan of machine replacement in the country, set up an annual inclusive support fund of 200million yuan from 2014 to 2016, and set up a special fund of 200million yuan for provincial and municipal co construction of small and medium-sized enterprises for financial leasing

according to the data provided by Dongguan economic and Information Technology Bureau, from September 2014 to January 31, 2017, 2698 special fund projects for machine replacement were declared, with a total investment of about 38.6 billion yuan. The number of projects and the amount of investment were the first in Guangdong Province. After the completion of the project, the labor productivity increased by an average of 2.5 times, the product qualification rate increased from 86.1% to 90.7%, the unit product cost decreased by an average of 9.43%, and the employment was reduced by nearly 200000 people

traditional business owners envy the impact of technological transformation on high-tech enterprises

model furniture was founded in 2004. Three or four years ago, due to the downturn in the furniture industry, it began to increase investment in technological transformation. Although the new equipment allows them to save manpower and

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